Established under Mexican law in 1831, Liberty, Texas is proud of its heritage as Villa de la Santísima Trinidad de la Libertad on the banks of the Trinity River. Occupied by American settlers as early as 1818, Liberty is the state's third oldest town. Heroes of Texas history like William B. Travis and Sam Houston walked our streets, and patriots of the Texas Revolution raised volunteers here who helped Texas gain independence.
In 1837, Liberty became the county seat of Liberty County. Growth resulted from location on a navigable river with easy access to Galveston and to the interior of East Texas, making Liberty a key transshipment point for immigrants and trade. Growth continued with "King Cotton" and with the growth of East Texas' timber and petroleum industries. Still drawing from the enterprises that contributed to Liberty's early importance and its role as a county seat, Liberty, population 8,397, is located within commuting distance of the major industries in Houston, Baytown and Beaumont, Texas. Many workers prefer our small town atmosphere and choose Liberty as their home. Recognizing our unique cultural history, Liberty is also home to the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center and the Geraldine D. Humphreys Cultural Center.